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Bed and Breakfast QLD

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Australia As A Penal Colony

RRP $17.99

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Essay from the year 2003 in the subject History - Australia, Oceania, grade: HD-, James Cook University (James Cook University), course: Effective Writing, language: English, abstract: In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, explorers from several European nations discovered various parts of Australia, but initially no nation put forward concrete proposals for either the use or the settlement of the land. Dutch explorers first discovered Australia in 1606, but they considered it as being of no economic value to their mother country. British explorers were more fortunate when, in 1768, Lieutenant James Cook, the appointed Commander of His Majesty's ship Endeavour, discovered the more inhabitable east coast of Australia. In 1770, the British government claimed the eastern half of Australia for the British realm and King George III named it New South Wales. At this time, no plans were put forward for the settlement of British people in Australia, or for any other use of the land - it became just another part of the Empire. However, in the years following Captain Cook's discovery, the idea of the newly found land in the far distance began to attract the British government, including the possible use of Australia for convict deportation. Eventually, the first settlement was a penal one and this is now generally considered to be the main reason for settlement, but the analysis of other factors such as non-convict settlers, economic exploitation of the land, empire building, and the use for strategic military purposes, suggests that convict deportation might have been initially just a convenient solution for a social problem: the disposal of the growing number of convicts that were crowded in hulks along the River Thames. Subsequent naval explorations came to suggest substantial benefits for safeguarding British interests: advantages in the competition for trade with Asia and, most importantly, the strengthening of the British Empire.


The Australian National Dictionary 2ed - Limited Edition Slipcase

RRP $199.00

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This is a strictly limited edition box set, the publisher is not printing any more of the slip-case version. Once our stock is exhausted no more of the slipcase edition will be available!

The Australian National Dictionary (AND) is the ultimate dictionary of Australianisms. It includes words and meanings that have originated in Australia. Words that have a greater currency here than elsewhere or that have a special significance in Australian history.

Like the comprehensive Oxford English Dictionary, it differs from general dictionaries in being based on historical principles. This means it describes the full history of a word, starting with its earliest appearance, establishing its origin, and documenting its use over time.

All entries from the first edition, which was published in 1988, have been thoroughly revised and updated. There are 6000 new entries and more than 16,000 Australian terms.

These entries include:

  • historical terms from the convict era
  • the gold rushes
  • farming
  • the experience of war


  • The 2 volume set also includes colloquial terms, including rhyming slang and numerous lively and colourful idioms. Regional terms from different states and territories and terms from Aboriginal English.

    New entries cover all aspects of Australian life, history, culture, and values, such as - barbecue stopper, bogan, budgie smugglers, bunny rug, captain's pick, chiko roll, chook lit, chroming, copha, corkie, couldn't run a chook raffle, do a Bradbury, drop bear, fairy bread, firie, goon bag, grommet, hip-pocket nerve, hornbag, humidicrib, karak, land of the fair go, marn grook, negative gearing, not happy Jan, pizzling, reg grundies, schmick, schoolies' week, seachanger, secret women's business, shirt-front, skippy, songline, spunk rat, trackie daks, ute muster and welcome to country.

    There is detailed information on the origins of these unique Australian words, including comprehensive coverage of more than 550 words that have been borrowed from 100 Aboriginal languages.

    Quotations from books, newspapers, diaries, etc., show how words have been used over time. More than 123,000 quotations illustrate the entries.

    The Australian National Dictionary is the only comprehensive, historically based record of the words and meanings that make up Australian English. It is a unique lexical map of Australian history and culture.


    Australia And Oceania

    RRP $13.95

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    Australia is a large island in the South Pacific Ocean. It's neighbours are the thousands of islands of Oceania.

    What is the Outback? It is a vast region in the centre of Australia. Most of it is a hot, dry desert.

    Inside, you'll find :

    • The largest butterfly in the world
    • Maps, a time line, photos and a desert with some of the biggest rocks on Earth
    • Surprising, true facts that will shock and amaze you
    • Clean new design for easy readability and comprehension
    • Updated text presented in a lively, continuous narrative
    • New centre-spread sidebar feature presenting material in a fun, creative way
    • Excellent age-appropriate introduction to curriculum-relevant subjects
    • Important Words glossary clarifies subject-specific vocabulary
    • Resources section encourages independent study
    • Index makes navigating subject matter easy



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